Base de connaissance

Retrouvez l'ensemble des articles

Base de Connaissances


Dose Equivalents for Second-Generation Antipsychotics: The Minimum Effective Dose Method

Auteur(s) :

Stefan Leucht, Myrto Samara, Stephan Heres, Maxine X. Patel, Scott W. Woods and John M. Davis

Résumé :


Clinicians need to know the right antipsychotic dose for optimized treatment, and the concept of dose equivalence is important for many clinical and scientific purposes.


We refined a method presented in 2003, which was based on the minimum e ective doses found in fixed-dose studies. We operationalized the selection process, updated the original findings, and expanded them by systematically searching more recent literature and by including 13 second-generation antipsychotics. To qualify for the minimum e ective dose, a dose had to be significantly more e cacious than placebo in the primary outcome of at least one randomized, double-blind, fixed-dose trial. In a sensitivity analysis, 2 positive trials were required. The minimum e ective doses identified were subsequently used to derive olanzapine, risperidone, haloperidol, and chlorpromazine equivalents.


We reviewed 73 included studies. The minimum e ective daily doses/olanzapine equivalents based on our primary approach were: aripiprazole 10 mg/1.33, asenapine 10 mg/1.33, clozapine 300 mg/40, haloperidol 4 mg/0.53, iloperidone 8 mg/1.07, lurasidone 40 mg/5.33, olanzapine 7.5 mg/1, paliperidone 3 mg/0.4, quetiapine 150 mg/20, risperidone 2 mg/0.27, sertindole 12 mg/1.60, and ziprasidone 40 mg/5.33. For amisulpride and zotepine, reliable estimates could not be derived.


This method for determining antipsychotic dose equivalence entails an operationalized and evidence-based approach that can be applied to the various antipsychotic drugs. As a limitation, the results are not applicable to specific populations such as first-episode or refractory patients. We recommend that alternative methods also be updated in order to minimize further di erences between the methods and risk of subsequent bias.

Schizophr Bull (2014) 40 (2): 314-326 - Lien vers la source

Collège Méditerranéen de Psychiatrie