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How effective is it to sequentially switch among Olanzapine, Quetiapine and Risperidone? - A randomized, open-label study of algorithm-based antipsychotic treatment to patients with symptomatic schizophrenia in the real-world clinical setting

Auteur(s) :

Takefumi Suzuki & Hiroyuki Uchida & Koichiro Watanabe & Kensuke Nomura & Hiroyoshi Takeuchi & Masayuki Tomita & Kenichi Tsunoda & Shintaro Nio & Ryoske Den & Hiroshi Manki & Akira Tanabe & Gohei Yagi & Haruo Kashima

Résumé :

Rationale Evidence on sequential trial with atypical anti- psychotics has been scarce.Objectives We conducted an algorithm-based antipsychotic pharmacotherapy.

Materials and methods In this open-label study, patients with schizophrenia (DSM-IV) were treated with antipsy- chotic monotherapy, step-by-step, with each trial lasting up to 8 weeks. At baseline, they were highly symptomatic to score more than 54 in the total Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS1–7) score. When the posttreatment BPRS score was above 70% of the baseline, they were subsequently treated with another and up to three atypicals. Basically, anti- cholinergics were prohibited, and only adjunctive allowed was lorazepam. The secondary endpoint was a clinical status good enough to be discharged for 66 inpatients and a successful continuation therapy with the same antipsychotic agent for more than 6 months for 12 outpatients.

Results Three groups of 26 patients each were randomized to Olanzapine, Quetiapine, or Risperidone. Thirty-nine (50%) responded to the first agent (Olanzapine16, Quetiapine9, Risperidone14), and 14 responded to the second. Only two showed response to the third, and 16 failed to respond to all three antipsychotics, with only 7 dropouts. Overall, there were 22 Olanzapine, 14 Quetiapine, and 19 Risperidone respond- ers. Based on the secondary outcome, 20 Olanzapine-treated (average maximum dose, 15.4 mg), 10 Quetiapine-treated (418 mg), and 20 Risperidone-treated (4.10 mg) patients responded. The difference in response as the first choice was significant (p < 0.05). Relative doses of those failing to respond were comparable (Olanzapine 18.3 mg, Quetiapine 564 mg, Risperidone5.47 mg). Extrapyramidal symptoms did not change significantly.

Conclusions When the first atypical antipsychotic is inade- quate, switching to the second is worth trying, although some remain treatment-refractory. Quetiapine may be inferior to Olanzapine and Risperidone in symptomatic patients.

Psychopharmacology (2007) 195:285–295 - Lien vers la source

Collège Méditerranéen de Psychiatrie